The most common stair parts include: iron balusters, wood balusters, box newels, newel posts, stair handrails, handrail fittings, stair treads, stair hardware, stainless steel parts, and circular and spiral stairs.
Here is a diagram showing a basic home staircase:
Here are some brief descriptions about various stair parts:
Balusters – Wood, Iron, Wrought Iron
In any exposed stairway, a well-made staircase is a requirement for safety. The truth is balusters do not have to purely functional. You can dress up your home’s space with beautiful and elegant iron balusters.
There is an array of pre-finished wrought iron balusters that are perfect for any remodeling you might have in mind for an existing wood staircase. Quite often existing wood spindles in a stair can be easily replaced with an elegant iron baluster. If you are able to find iron balusters at a discount your project can end up getting a lot of bang for the buck.
A baluster plays an important role in contributing to the overall design of a stairway. As a rule of thumb, there will more wood balusters in a balustrade than any other component. The traditional tread wood baluster is one the most common in use today.
The traditional tread follows the visual line of the stair tread at the bottom, and the handrail at the top. If you are looking for a design that has different turning lengths, just ask a profession for availability and pricing.
Handrails – Handrail fittings
The first thing your eyes will see or your hands feel is the opening treatment of a handrail. A simple cap handrail fitting can make a seamless transition from the “horizontal” to the rake of the balustrade as a person ascends or descends a staircase.
Opening caps generally proved the basic look of elegance and function. Turnout handrail fittings serve to enhance the grace and function-thus having the power to create the ultimate and beautiful grand staircase.
Homes with grand foyer staircases can often express magnificent curved volutes. A volute is often a statement of impeccable taste.
Newels provide structural rigidity as well as a decorative function. Size and mounting method are the two top considerations for site considerations. This will mean selecting the correct newel fasteners as well.
Family heritage can also be symbolized by placing a family crest on newels. You should also realize that any turning can be produced, in any quantity, in most species for the interior or exterior. You can check with the experts to find out more.
An expanded list of stair pair offerings include columns that have coordinated turnings, finials, island columns, fireplace columns, table legs and wooden spheres.
The stair tread is the horizontal part of the step that is walked on.
You can find hardwood treads and risers in Maple, Red Oak, Cherry, Hickory, Walnut and many other species. Quality manufacturers can custom make any size tread you need-and usually with a quick turnaround time.
The best treads are manufactured from solid, kiln dried lumber. You can also obtain mill ends, miter returns (both left and right), double miter returns and reversible treads. It is best to consult with a professional to determine the thickness of the tread or riser.
Stair Hardware consists of steel dowel screws which can make a balustrade installation much stronger. They can be installed quickly and easily. Steel dowel screws are very affordable, and may only end up costing pennies per baluster. There are usually no nail holes or gaps that can mar the integrity and beauty your finished stairway. The steel dowel screw is also a lot stronger than wooden dowels, and this serves to produce a much more rigid balance.
Newel Mounting Kit
It is the newels that provide most of the structural integrity in a balustrade system. If you have the right coordinating hardware in your newel mounting kit, you can really achieve a dramatic effect that will set off your staircase.
Your kit should include a variety of accessories, fasteners and installations tools.
Installing skirtbords can involve several approaches. You can install treads and riser first, and then cut the skirtboards to fit over the treads and risers. Or, you can install the skirt board, and then cut the risers and treads to butt up against the skirt board tightly.
The second method will take less time and labor. Cutting the skirtboard to fit over the tread and riser is an older method, and was used in the 1950′s quite often.